Feb. 9, 2024
Courtesy of Social Security Administration
Identity theft is when someone uses personal information to impersonate or steal from another individual.
Did you know the consequences of identity theft are not just financial? These crimes have significant effects on relationships at work and home. They impact physical, mental, and emotional health and lead to lost opportunities for victims that are often hard to measure.
Types of Identity Theft
There are 2 types of identity theft individuals should be aware of:
- Thieves stealing data, physically or digitally, without contacting you directly.
- Thieves contacting you directly and convincing you to provide sensitive information. In these instances, you may never know how the thief got your information.
How Identity Thieves Use Information
Identity thieves steal personal information like name, address, credit card or bank account numbers, Social Security number and medical insurance account numbers. They use this information to:
- Buy items with credit cards or bank accounts.
- Obtain new credit cards or accounts in your name.
- Use your SSN to get a job.
- Open phone or utility accounts in your name.
- Steal your tax refund.
- Use your health insurance to obtain medical care.
- Pretend to be you if they are arrested.
How to Spot Identity Theft
To spot identity theft:
- Keep track of mail for missing bills or other documents.
- Review credit card and bank statements for unauthorized transactions.
- Obtain and review credit reports regularly to make sure they do not include accounts that have not been opened.
Ways to Prevent Identity Theft
While no plan is perfect, taking the precautions below can help better protect personal information:
- Protect documents that have personal information.
- Ask questions before giving out s SSN.
- Protect personal information online and on your phone by using a strong password and adding multi-factor authentication when offered.
- Safeguard information on social networks.
What to Do if You Believe Someone Has Stolen Your Identity
- Report fraud to the company where it occurred.
- Contact a credit bureau to place a fraud alert on your credit report.
- File a complaint with the Federal Trade Commission.
- File a police report.
For more information about how to protect your SSN from identity thieves, read Social Security’s publication, Identity Theft and Your Social Security Number. Please report suspected Social Security imposter scams — and other Social Security fraud — on the Office of the Inspector General’s website.
It’s important to protect yourself against identity theft because it can damage your credit status. Repairing this damage can cost you a great deal of time and money.